Happy Independence Day To Chad!!

Chad flag Chad gained independence from France on 11th of August, 1960.

On the Independence Day, every individual in this African country celebrates their liberty through sports like football and wresting, political assemblies. Delegations from different First world countries also visit on the Independence Day.

The country was one of 9 African nations to gain independence in August of 1960. Other African countries that gained independence in August 1960 include: August 1, 1960 – Benin. August 3, 1960 – Niger. August 5, 1960 – Burkina Faso. August 7, 1960 – Cote d’Ivoire. August 13, 1960 – Central African Republic. August 15, 1960 – Congo. August 17 – Gabon.

Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

History

Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers. By the end of the 1st millennium BC, a series of states and empires rose and fell in Chad’s Sahelian strip, each focused on controlling the trans-Saharan trade routes that passed through the region.

France conquered the territory by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa.

In 1960, Chad obtained independence under the leadership of François Tombalbaye. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the eruption of a long-lasting civil war in 1965.

In 1979, the rebels conquered the capital and put an end to the south’s hegemony. However, the rebel commanders fought amongst themselves until Hissène Habré defeated his rivals. He was overthrown in 1990 by his general Idriss Déby.

Since 2003, the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spilt over the border and destabilised the nation, with hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.

While many political parties are active, power lies firmly in the hands of President Déby and his political party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement.

Chad remains plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d’état.

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