Killings: Fulani herdsmen fire back at critics, give conditions for peace
Nigerian cattle breeders on Sunday defended themselves from criticism after recent clashes with farmers left 80 dead, claiming they had lost more than 1,000 people to violence since mid-2017.
Fulani herdsmen have been blamed for a spate of attacks against farming communities in the central state of Benue since the start of this year, putting pressure on the government to act.
President Muhammadu Buhari has been criticised for his response to the attacks, which security analysts assess could pose a bigger threat than Boko Haram in the country's northeast.
Pressure for land and water is seen as the main driver of the conflict, alongside ethnic and sectarian grievances, while a failure to prosecute those responsible has led to a spiral of tit-for-tat attacks.
The national secretary of the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria, Baba Usman Ngeljarma, said it was wrong to see the herders as solely responsible.
He told a news conference in Abuja that "we have lost over 1,000 people, including children, women and the aged... in a span of seven months, beginning in June 2017 to January, 2018."
Ngeljarma claimed that a series of attacks in the Mambilla area of Taraba state last June left more than 700 dead.
Giving condition to end the lingering crisis, Ngeljarma said: “we confirm the position of His Royal Highness the Emir of Kano, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, that in spite of the fact that 732 of our people were killed in Mambila and 82 women and children killed in Numan and nobody was arrested. We hereby demand the arrest and prosecution of the perpetrators of these heinous.
“We order the immediate disarmament of all illegally armed militias across the country in the interest of peace, security and stability. We condemn in totality any attempt of branding herdsmen as terrorists as is being clamoured from certain quarters”
“The Federal Government should create a Federal Ministry of Livestock Development to attend the multidimensional needs of the industry as is obtained in many countries and the enactment of a national law to carter for the peculiar needs of pastoralists in particular and the Livestock subsectors in general since the mischievous anti-open grazing laws promulgated by some states have woefully failed to address the contentious issues”.
Local politicians and police gave a much lower death toll at the time. Conflicting numbers are not uncommon in Nigeria and it was not possible to immediately verify the figures.
But the high numbers are in line with reports that there has been an annual average death toll in the conflict of more than 2,000 between 2011 and 2016.
The International Crisis Group said in a report published last September that more than 2,500 people were killed in 2016.
Ngeljarma said no-one had been arrested for any of the killings, "even when the perpetrators are well known to the victims", highlighting a problem recognised as contributing to tit-for-tat attacks.
He said the situation was fuelled by "draconian laws" enacted by some state governments to ban open grazing of cattle on farmland.
Such legislation has been blamed for the attacks in Benue.
The cattle breeders also suspected political involvement from lawmakers seeking to exploit the situation.
Identity politics is strong in Nigeria, particularly along ethnic and religious lines. The herders are mostly Muslim while the farmers are largely Christian.
Buhari, himself a Hausa-speaking Muslim Fulani, has warned against what he described as "simplistic reductionism”.